In your daily routine, pneumococci could always be transmitted via respiratory droplets or contact with articles soiled with respiratory discharges, particularly in the course of having meals. Pneumococcal infection could lead to consequences with different levels of severity, including sinus, middle ear infection, bacteremic pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. These diseases could be lethal. Among all the age groups, children and elderly are recommended to receive PCV13 (one dose) for better protection as their situations are often more critical.
Cervical cancer develops in a woman’s cervix, and almost all related cancer cases are linked to HPV infection. Different genotypes of HPV will lead to diverse diseases, including genital warts (for men and women). Some studies advised that nearly 80% sexually active people will face the threats of HPV infection in their lifetime. HPV infection could incur no significant symptoms, and HPV transmission cannot be avoided even using condoms. HPV Vaccine is prophylactic vaccine that could protect men and women aged 15 or above against HPV infection, allowing the immune system to develop HPV antibodies.
Any individuals who have experienced Chickenpox could also face the threats of developing. Risks for Shingles grow with ages, stresses, lack of sleep and etc. Once the immune system is weakened, the virus that lie dormant could be reactivated. It is not easy to have a full recovery upon Shingles, as there is chances for relapses. It is recommended for any individual particularly aged 50 or above to undertake vaccination, while the younger generations should also pay attention to Shingles which they may possibly be suffered from.
Seasonal influenza is a common respiratory tract infection caused by human seasonal influenza viruses. The influenza viruses could be transmitted through respiratory droplets, and could be latent for 1-4 days. At the onset of influenza, the infected individual will manifest symptoms including malaise, runny nose, headache, coughing, fever and sore throat and etc. In Hong Kong, seasonal influenza is usually prevalent in months like from January to March and from July to August. Quadrivalent influenza vaccine is eligible for individuals aged 6 months or above, and is advised to be taken for comprehensive protection against influenza.